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Official Name: Republic of Panama
Capital: Panama City Languages: Spanish, English

Panama is on a narrow isthmus along which runs a mountain chain.  The oceans on both sides have a strong influence on weather, providing abundant moisture which is captured by the mountains.

Best time for the whole country: December to mid–April. (Drier season.)

We have divided the weather into two regions, the Pacific coast and the Caribbean coast.

1. Pacific coast. (Includes Panama City)

December to April: Sunny, humid, 32ºC (90ºF). Dry season. February is driest month.

May to November: Cloud and intermittent sunshine, humid, hot, 30ºC (86ºF). Wet season. November is the wettest month.

2. Caribbean coast.

January to March: Short dry season, humid, hot, 32ºC (90ºF). Although it is the “dry” season rain can fall daily.

April to December: Long wet season, hot and humid. Daily downpours are heavy but brief. June to November is the hurricane season in the Caribbean but hurricanes are rare along Panama’s Caribbean coast.

General weather notes:

Rain: There is twice as much rain on the Caribbean coast compared with the Pacific coast.
Wind: Tradewinds from the north and northeast prevail year–round, dumping rain on the eastern slopes of the central mountains.

Temperatures are high at low altitudes but decrease the higher you go into the mountains.
Humidity on the coast is high all year but is moderated by sea breezes.

Panama City, Panama: Altitude 33m (108ft)